first_img Email Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe By Lizzie WadeAug. 13, 2018 , 3:00 PM People might have bred tropical macaws in the desert 1000 years ago Scarlet macaws like this one fly through the jungles of tropical Mexico, Central America, and the Amazon. So what are their skeletons doing in archaeological sites in the deserts of the southwestern United States, at least 2000 kilometers to the north and in an entirely different ecosystem?To solve the mystery, researchers sequenced the complete mitochondrial genomes (the DNA found in the power plants of cells and passed down only from mothers) of 14 macaws that lived in five archaeological sites in Chaco Canyon and the Mimbres region of New Mexico, where people farmed, traded, and built cities from 900 C.E. to 1200 C.E. Seventy-one percent of the macaws had the exact same mitochondrial genome, and the others differed only slightly, making them all part of a single population called a haplogroup, the team reports today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.That haplogroup appears to be relatively rare in wild populations of macaws; only three of 84 museum samples of scarlet macaws from tropical ranges that the researchers tested belonged to it. So it’s likely the southwestern macaws all descended from a very small group of females captured from the wild—or perhaps even just one. Tim Fitzharris/Minden Pictures Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country That implies that instead of being individually captured and transported over great distances, the southwestern macaws were born in a breeding center that supplied feathers and birds to the region for religious and ceremonial purposes. Archaeologists know of just one nearby macaw breeding center, in the deserts of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua, but it operated from 1250 C.E to 1450 C.E., centuries after many of these birds lived. So where these macaws were born and raised is still a mystery.last_img

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