Feds wont confirm possible terror threats targeting Canada Day celebrations

first_imgThe federal government is trying to calm some fears about the security of Canada Day celebrations, after reports say ISIS has named our country and the United States as potential targets, following the Manchester bombing late last month.In an email statement, the public safety minister’s office says it doesn’t comment on specific threats but adds the government is unwavering in its commitment to protect Canadians and will continue to take appropriate action to counter terrorist threats.Recently RCMP Superintendent Mike O’Beirne also didn’t directly answer when asked about any known threats for Canada Day. “Our assessment is continuous, both domestically and internationally and I can tell you constantly in contact with our partners in that regard.”He adds officers are preparing for all possible security scenarios. “We’ve been monitoring all the external, internal pressures and we flex our contingency plans in regards to that.”There are reports the threat was not made about Canada Day celebrations specifically, but it urges Muslims to avoid public gatherings and threatened to use “explosives, vehicles, [and] beheadings to kill crusaders.” However, police in Ottawa and Mounties have said there will be heightened security measures and it will be all hands on deck for the celebration in the nation’s capital, which is expecting a crowd of about half a million people.The public safety minister’s office stresses police will be involved in celebrations across the country and it’s urging Canadians to be vigilant, and stay up to date with the latest security requirements.The terror threat in Canada remains at medium.last_img read more

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Loved ones of SomaliCanadian journalist Hodan Nalayeh mourn after terrorist attack

first_imgTORONTO — Family and friends of Hodan Nalayeh are remembering the Somali-Canadian journalist killed in a terrorist attack this week for her work redefining the global Somali identity through positive storytelling.Nalayeh, a broadcast reporter born in Somalia with roots in Edmonton and Toronto, died with her husband in an attack at a hotel in the city of Kismayo, Somali officials have said, though Global Affairs Canada have yet to confirm the details of her death.She moved back to Somalia last year in an effort to tell positive stories of her home country through an independent media platform: Integration TV. She was seven months pregnant and is survived by her two sons.“We will remember her as our hero, as somebody who is so invested in making sure the world knew the beauty of the Somali culture, Somali people, of Somalia,” said Farhiya Jama, a friend of Nalayeh’s.“We lost somebody who wanted a future for us that was reimagined into a healthy image of us,” said the Somali visual storyteller based in Toronto.Jama said Nalayeh first reached out to her in 2013, after she first started speaking about being a trauma survivor.“She was constantly finding ways to affirm me, because social media wasn’t a great place for me when I first started sharing my story,” Jama said. “She was one of the first people to support my voice, because our Somali community can be very difficult to navigate when you are pushing against the norms.”Jama, who is from the same Toronto neighbourhood where Nalayeh lived, said the journalist will always be admired as an important public figure in the Somali diaspora and her work reimagining the Somali identity will have a lasting effect.Nalayeh wasn’t finished supporting the Somali community, a family member said.Suad Galow, Nalayeh’s cousin, said she last spoke with the journalist a few weeks ago about launching a new project through her non-profit organization: the Somali Women Foundation.She said Nalayeh was thrilled about the foundation and wanted to help gather sports equipment to give to kids in Kismayo, Somalia.Galow, who lives in Fairfax, Va., but is currently in Somalia, went on to say that Nalayeh’s words of encouragement were like having “dreams come back to the country.”  “(It was to) make them smile, make them happy, make them see we care,” said Galow, who is currently in Somalia. “Everyone connected with her word, and supported her.”Galow said when the family first heard of Nalayeh’s death, they locked themselves in their hotel and prayed and cried.“It’s a tough day for me and for a lot of people. It’s very difficult to lose someone like her,” she said.“She was so important, especially for what I’m doing right now empowering young women through sports and peace,” Galow said.Lidia Abraha, The Canadian Presslast_img read more

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Resignations firings and testimony at the Saskatoon MMIWG hearings

first_imgFollow Shirley McLean at the Saskatoon hearings here: Kathleen Martens Shirley McLean APTN News With 11 words, another lawyer quit the beleaguered National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls as it rolled into Saskatoon.“I confirm that I have resigned, and will not comment further,” wrote Joseph Murdoch-Flowers in an email that was sent to various media.The Murdoch-Flowers bomb hit on the first day of hearings in Saskatoon – where it threatened to overshadow the heartbreaking testimony of grieving family members.“It’s their circus, it’s their monkeys,” said Delores Stevenson, the aunt of Nadine Machiskinic. “It’s causing a lot of frustration and taking the focus off families.”Stevenson said she tried to block out the behind-the-scenes turmoil as she prepared to share her niece’s story with Chief Commissioner Marion Buller.“I want to shed light on systemic racism,” Stevenson said. “That’s what I presented to Canada.”Stevenson is raising one of four children Machiskinic left behind after she died in January 2010.Regina police say the 29-year-old fell 10 stories down a laundry chute at the Delta hotel.But the family questions that conclusion and says mistakes were made throughout the investigation.Last summer it was announced the Saskatchewan RCMP would review the case.Now Stevenson called for an investigation into what she says is “systemic racism” in the provincial medical examiner’s office.“I have to question where is the accountability in this system? Where is the accountability in the coroner’s office?” she said.Stevenson is one of 40 witnesses registered to testify at the Inquiry’s three-day stop in Saskatoon – and the Inquiry says it is expecting at least another 40 to show up.Buller told reporters this morning her staff could accommodate more last-minute walk-ins.On top of the families, and the Murdoch-Flowers resignation, the inquiry is also dealing with the firing of three support workers from the inquiry.And when asked about the management style of executive director Debbie Reid, she cut the news conference short declining to comment on personnel issues.Reid has fired three employees in the last six weeks, sources tell APTN News. Two of them were managers of health, who worked with traumatized families.“She was very good, very helpful,” Stevenson said of one of the fired workers – Morene Gabriel of Winnipeg – who covered the Saskatchewan-Manitoba region. “She spoke Saulteaux to my mother. She stayed in contact with my family.”Gabriel did media interviews last week saying she wasn’t told why she was fired.She described a dysfunctional workplace rife with gossip and bullying.An email Reid distributed to employees after her hiring in October outlined a take-no-prisoners approach.“I believe it is important to be authentic and self-aware when you are asked to be a leader,” said a copy of the email sent to media. “In that vein, if you haven’t yet interacted with me, you will quickly see I am forthcoming and say what I mean and don’t mince words.“This has both helped me and more times than not got me in trouble in my career.”Reid, who is from Manitoba, said some people see her “as aggressive and ‘in your face’.” But she suggested she was brought in to clean up a mess.“When I interviewed with the Commissioners,” Reid wrote, “I made it clear that I wasn’t afraid to take on the role of making tough decisions and come in and deal with those challenges which have led to those outside of this circle to criticize the Commissioners.”Reid has not responded to numerous requests for comment from APTN about the Inquiry’s work environment, and most recently Murdoch-Flowers resignation.His departure brings to three the number of lawyers that have left the Inquiry.There are eight remaining.Follow Kathleen Marten at the Saskatoon hearings here: last_img read more

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Saskatchewan asks judge to order Indigenous camp to leave legislature grounds

first_imgThe Canadian PressThe Saskatchewan government is asking a judge to order an Indigenous protest camp to leave the legislature grounds.Government lawyer Michael Morris has told a Regina court that the protesters are making it hard for the province to maintain the land across from the building.Teepees have been set up for six months as campers protest what they say is racial injustice and the disproportionate number of Indigenous children apprehended by child-welfare workers.Protesters have filed a court application of their own seeking to have six arrests made during an eviction in June declared illegal.Lawyer Dan LeBlanc, who represents the protesters, told court his clients have a right to free speech.But Morris says it’s not about whether the protesters are advocating for a good cause but rather about them following the law, including bylaws that ban open fires and structures such as teepees on the property.“This case is not about whether the protesters are advocating for an honourable cause,” Morris told court Thursday. “It is not about whether there are too many Indigenous children in foster care. It is not about whether the criminal justice system is fair for Indigenous people.“This case is about the government’s ability to regulate, maintain land in Wascana Centre.”Protesters first set up a camp on Feb. 28 and were immediately told they had to leave, Morris said. They were given numerous trespassing notices and police moved in June 18 to dismantle the camp. Six people were arrested but never charged.The camp was set up again two days later and police have held off ever since. The government wants a judge to order police to intervene.Nine events have had to be relocated because of the camp, including part of the province’s Canada Day celebration.The camp has been a “potential flashpoint for confrontations between members of the public and the protesters,” added Morris, who pointed to the recent arrest of a man who allegedly discharged fireworks at the camp.LeBlanc told court Regina police Chief Evan Bray has already concluded the camp does not pose a safety risk. This case is about freedom of speech which is fundamental to a democracy, he said.“They are using a fundamental Canadian freedom,” he said. “The government bears the burden of convincing you that its infringement is justified.”People are allowed to use fires to barbecue hot dogs on the property but the government is taking issue with a sacred fire, he added.“The government is seeking to control and administer the park,” LeBlanc said. “The concern is primarily aesthetic.”Eric Adams, a constitutional law expert at the University of Alberta, has said the province would likely have to show legitimate safety concerns to persuade the court.In cases such as this one, he said the court will want to protect political expression as much as possible.“(But) even though you have a right to that expressive activity, a court is going to find that at some point, pretty early in the process, the government can limit that expressive right for a number of other valuable policy reasons,” Adams said.last_img read more

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King Mohammed VI Receives Chairman of Boeing Commercial Airplanes

Tangiers – King Mohammed VI received, on Tuesday at the Royal Palace in Tangiers, Chairman of Boeing Commercial Airplanes Raymond L. Conner.The audience was attended by minister of industry, trade, investment and digital economy Moulay Hafid Elalamy.The sovereign had earlier chaired the signing ceremony of a draft agreement for the setting up of a Boeing industrial ecosystem in Morocco.

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Regulations economic crisis squeeze seafood industry UN finds

26 April 2010Regulations, economic crisis squeeze seafood industry, UN findsNew regulations, such as retailers’ requirement that fish must be certified as sustainable, and the impact of the global economic crisis are affecting the seafood industry, especially producers in developing nations, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said today. New regulations, such as retailers’ requirement that fish must be certified as sustainable, and the impact of the global economic crisis are affecting the seafood industry, especially producers in developing nations, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said today.Half of all fish imported by rich nations, valued at $43 billion annually, comes from the developing world, and the industry directly employs 45 million people, while approximately half a billion people rely on fish for some or all of their incomes.But for poorer nations, getting their fish to market is becoming increasingly difficult, FAO noted.As of the start of this year, the European Union, the world’s largest import market for fish, requires that all imports of wild fish come with a certificate validated by the fisheries authorities of the country flagging the vessel that originally caught them.Through this new regulation, which other major markets are contemplating putting into place, the EU is hoping to combat illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, but compliance is placing burdens on exporters.Also, growing numbers of retailers, such as Trader Joe’s in the United States, will only carry fish certified as coming from a sustainable fishery, further raising the compliance bar.Such regulations mean that small-scale producers must acquire the technical know-how, familiarize themselves with best practices, invest in upgrading equipment and learn the new paperwork and procedures.Compounding this is the global economic downturn which resulted in a drop in imports in almost all fish markets last year, FAO pointed out, with estimates for 2009 showing a drop in value from 2008, when exports were valued at over $100 billion.For its part, the agency’s Subcommittee on Fish Trade, set up in 1985, seeks to bring together both importing and exporting countries to find ways to “create an enabling environment for the sector to develop while successfully addressing the challenges that development presents,” said Ichiro Nomura, FAO Assistant Director-General for Fisheries and Aquaculture.“Market access requirements can be shaped to create incentives to achieve sustainable fisheries,” he stressed, calling on policy-makers to ensure that such measures are “sound, science-based, transparent and do not create unnecessary barriers.”The agency has long called for good management of fisheries by developing nations if they are to continue operating in the long-run, as increased demand for fish can potentially lead to over-exploitation and wasteful use of stocks. read more

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East Timor reconciliation committee panel holds first meeting UN mission

Thirteen members of the Steering Committee for the Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation’s Selection Panel held its first formal meeting yesterday where it endorsed the decision.The Selection Panel has met with pro-autonomy groups in Kupang and Bali in Indonesia twice over the past month in a bid to fill a panel position with a pro-autonomy representative. The pro-autonomy groups have so far declined to fill a position, deferring a decision until they have had more time to confer with their supporters.The Selection Panel also decided to launch a public information campaign on 27 September to distribute leaflets, posters and other materials throughout East Timor, the West Timorese refugee camps and to the East Timorese diaspora.The public information campaign aims to solicit nominations for the five to seven national commission members, and the 25 to 30 posts of district commissioners.The Panel is scheduled to visit each of East Timor’s districts between 15 to 30 October, and has placed a 31 October deadline for the submission of nominations.The Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation will ultimately undertake two primary functions: it will establish a truth-seeking function and look into the pattern of human rights violations in East Timor committed within the context of the political conflicts between 1974-1999. The commission will also create a community reconciliation body to facilitate agreements between local communities and the perpetrators of non-serious crimes and non-criminal acts committed over the same period. read more

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Considerable progress reported on UN probe into killing of former Lebanese premier

The head of the United Nations-backed investigation commission today reported “considerable progress” in the probe into the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri, including critical forensics advances, but stressed the need for a more intensive effort to make headway in the cases of 14 other possibly-related attacks.“At present, the fundamental building blocks for the investigation into the crime, in particular concerning the explosion, the container/carrier and the means of delivery, are largely understood and provide the basis for investigative progress with regard to those who perpetrated the crime,” according to the report presented to the Security Council by Serge Brammertz, the head of the International Independent Investigation Commission (IIIC) 14 February 2005 killing of the ex-premier and 22 others.In the months ahead, the Commission will focus on identifying the perpetrators of the crime, Mr. Brammertz told the Council. The report points out that DNA analysis of human remains recovered from the scene provides no evidence that Ahmed Abu Adass, who claimed responsibility for detonating the bomb in a video sent to news outlets after the attack, had in fact done so.Of the human remains recovered, some 27 fragments indicate that it was likely that one person did in fact “initiate” an Improvised Explosive Device (IED), which was probably placed in a Mitsubishi truck that exploded as Mr. Hariri’s convoy drove by.The IED contained at least 1,200 kilograms of TNT equivalent explosive, the report says, big enough to make sure it accomplished task. “The large amount of explosives used elevated the attack to an almost ‘guaranteed’ level,” Mr. Brammertz said.In regard to cooperation by Syria in the probe, the report presented today said that the level of assistance provided by its officials during the reporting period has “generally been satisfactory,” while “interaction with Lebanese authorities continues to be “excellent.”The Commission’s report also describes progress in investigating 14 other bombings that occurred in Lebanon since 1 October 2004, on which the IIIC has been assisting Lebanese authorities under its expanded mandate.“Patterns emerging among the six targeted attacks and eight bombs in public locations have not yet been confirmed by evidence, the report says, but in light of potential linkages between the Hariri investigation and the 14 other cases, the Commission is calling for a much more concerted and robust effort to move the cases forward.” For that reason, and to complete its work on the Hariri investigation, the Commission is supporting the Government of Lebanon’s request for a one year extension of its mandate as well as urging increased support from UN Member States and international organizations.UNIIIC was established by the Security Council in April 2005 after an earlier UN mission found Lebanon’s own investigation seriously flawed and Syria primarily responsible for the political tension preceding Mr. Hariri’s murder. read more

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Meet the Melburnian Greek who has been giving the gift of life

first_img Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram People say that donating blood is like giving someone a second chance at life. Ange Kenos can certainly testify to that, being amongst Victoria’s most regular blood donors.With over 600 donations under his belt, the Melburnian was recently honoured by the Australian Red Cross for his selfless devotion over the last 44 years which helped save the lives of around 2,000 people.In an interview with SBS Greek radio, Mr Kenos recalls the time of his initiation in the blood donor community.“I was 18 years old, a student at Melbourne University, and I saw a Red Cross mobile unit outside the campus. I’ve been a blood donor since that day.”While estimated that one in three Australians will need blood or blood products in their lifetime, a mere three per cent of the population commits to giving blood each year.According to the Red Cross’ data, the country needs more than 25,000 donations every week, with demand expected to grow by 100 per cent over the next decade.The concerning stats are sufficient enough to convince us that we should all make “giving the gift of life” one of our New Year’s resolutions.But Mr Kenos says that sadly Greek Australians are also among the most under-represented ethnic groups among blood donors, despite a great demand for blood donations within the community.The demand, he explains, is attributed to the prevalence of thalassaemia cases among Greek populations, given that the blood disorder is particularly common in people of Mediterranean ancestry.“It saddens me deeply that while our ethnic community has a higher need for blood than the average Australian, our community donates far far below the miserable Australian average of three per cent … With thalassaemia and other conditions that require frequent blood transfusions, we should be doing more,” says Mr Kenos.Most people are able to give blood as long as they are in good health and and comply with some basic eligibility criteria, while the process is quick and simple.In fact, for Mr Kenos the experience is both enjoyable and rewarding every time.“It’s like a mini medical check-up, no fuss, you give blood and then they offer you pies, beverages …“But the most important thing is that you leave the place knowing that you potentially saved someone’s life, a kid, a woman hospitalised with her baby, somebody hit by a car, you know that you have helped someone make it to the next day.”last_img read more

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This Ski Slope Is Built on Top of a WasteTreatment Plant in

first_imgStay on target Tokyo 2020 Unveils Olympic Medals Made From Old ElectronicsRIP Drogo: Jason Momoa Shaves Beard to Inspire Change Here’s one way to make waste management fun: A futuristic, urban ski resort built on top of a waste incinerator in Denmark is set to open to the public this spring.Towering 279 feet above the mostly-flat city of Copenhagen, Copenhill recently welcomed its first guests during a two-day preview.The project is part of Copenhagen’s efforts to become the world’s first carbon-neutral capital. With Copenhill, the city is hoping to build a waste-treatment plant that local residents are happy to have in their neighborhood, according to Reuters. The plant began operating in 2017, and when it’s completed, the recreational skiing and hiking area will be open year-round.One of the first things visitors will notice about the ski slope is that it’s green — it’s built with a material called neveplast.“I think everybody is surprised to start with when they look at it and it’s not snow,” said Christian Ingels, the director at Copenhill, told Reuters. “It’s green dry-slope material. After one or two runs, your mind is automatically adjusting so you feel exactly like skiing.”The actual building is wrapped in a facade of aluminum planters which will later feature greenery. In the original plan for the facility, the chimney would not emit its exhaust continuously, but instead in the form of “smoke” rings (consisting of water vapor rather than actual smoke), one for every 250 kilos of CO2 released into the atmosphere, the Guardian reported.center_img Plans for the recreation ski area also include a lodge of sorts at the base of the structure where skiers can rest, rent gear, or buy passes. A chair-lift system will ferry skiers to the top of the slope and plant, the lower runs will be serviced by carpet lifts, similar to conveyor belts.“It’s a fantastic experience in the middle of a city to be able to do what you do like the most,” a visiting skier Pelle Hansen told Reuters. “Instead of having to go six, seven, eight or 10 hours to a ski destination, you can be here in 10 minutes.”The ski resort area alone reportedly cost more than $10 million to build.The plant will also burn waste from about 600,000 residents and 68,000 businesses to produce electricity and district heating for the city. It also will recycle some of the waste.More on Geek.com:Japan Opens Cocktail Bar in a Waste Dump to Promote SustainabilityDenmark Builds 43-Mile Anti-Pig Fence Along Border With GermanyNetherlands Now Has the World’s First Recycled Plastic Bike Pathlast_img read more

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Clark County Fair ends on a high note

first_imgRIDGEFIELD — Sweltering heat kept some would-be county fairgoers at home for part of the week, but cooler weather Saturday and Sunday saw record crowds over the weekend, in an otherwise successful fair, John Morrison, fair manager and event center CEO said on the final day of festivities.“The week that was the run-up to the fair was a very difficult week for me and the staff,” he said.The last two days of preparatory work, saw fair staff toiling in temperatures higher than 100 degrees.Morrison said he wouldn’t have final cash and attendance tallies for a few days, but as the heat lingered through the fair week as well, it put a dent in overall attendance, which rippled into the performance at the food court, at the gates and in parking.Each day of the fair, except Saturday and Sunday, he said, saw temperatures 2 to 17 degrees higher than normal.“There was no doubt that the hot weather the first five days took its toll on attendance,” he said. “Very understandable.”Saturday, however, saw record numbers on the grounds and record performance in the food court and at the gate, he said.Otherwise, the fair had a good year, he said.“Every year there’s a number of yardsticks you judge the success of the fair by,” he said.There were no significant safety issues. The state fair commissioner gave the event high marks during a visit, and the public feedback he’s received so far has been positive.“This year was the first year that we had a sellout on all four of our grandstand concerts,” he said.This year’s fair featured the musical stylings of Old Dominion, The Marshall Tucker Band, The B-52’s and Melissa Etheridge.“I think one of the things that made that happen is we switched from five concerts to four in the grandstands, but kept the concert budget the same,” he said, which meant fair bookers could bring in bigger acts.Also new this year was the Game On feature, which allowed fair guests to try virtual reality experiences and a few more attractions more familiar to an arcade than a midway.last_img read more

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Pep challenges City youngsters to stake their claim

first_imgPep Guardiola has urged Manchester City youngsters to seize the opportunity in their game against Burton to stake a claim in the first team.The likes of Phil Foden, Philippe Sandler and Eric Garcia are expected to feature at the Pirelli Stadium having trained with the first-team.However, Guardiola has warned the club’s youngsters they will not be gifted a place in his side and must earn their spot on merit.He told Sky Sports: “I’m pretty sure they are motivated to play in the first team, to play alongside incredible players in competitions and semi-finals. Of course, they are going to be motivated.jose mourinhoMourinho knows why City and Liverpool are so far ahead George Patchias – September 13, 2019 Jose Mourinho knows why Manchester City and Liverpool are so far ahead of everyone else in the Premier League.In an interview with the Telegraph,…“But they have to know how difficult it is to achieve [a place in] the first squad and the first team, not just in Man City but everywhere.“It is a massive opportunity for them to be close to the first team but it is not easy. We don’t give presents because they are nice or something special. It depends on them.“They have to show us, they have to play their level. Wednesday is a challenge for them but I’m pretty sure they are going to play well because they can do it.”last_img read more

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Runway Overhaul at NAS Jacksonville Remains on Course

first_imgA $52 million project to rebuild the two main runways at Naval Air Station Jacksonville, widen taxiways and improve the airfield is halfway completed and remains on target to be completed in June.The last major overhaul of the runways at the installation, Florida’s oldest naval air station, occurred in 1967, reported the Florida Times-Union. The base opened in 1940.The work also includes demolition of three obsolete hangars from World War II, which will free up space to park the base’s new Boeing P-8A Poseidon aircraft as well as those arriving from other Navy bases for training at NAS Jacksonville. The P-8A reconnaissance aircraft are replacing the Navy’s aging Lockheed P-3 Orions.During the year-long project, the base’s 38 fixed-wing aircraft and 2,000 crews and civilian employees are operating out of Cecil airport, a general aviation airport run by the Jacksonville Aviation Authority.In 2010, officials envisioned a much smaller project to repair the runways. “But when the new engineers came out and looked at it again with more tests, we found it was not suitable for the new aircraft that were coming and we knew we had to make modifications,” airfield manager Doug Chaney told the Times-Union. Dan Cohen AUTHORlast_img read more

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Nanoporous graphene could outperform best commercial water desalination techniques

first_img Journal information: Nano Letters “Because those carbon atoms at the pore edge would be quite reactive without passivation, in one way or another under realistic experimental conditions they will likely have some form of chemical functionalization,” Grossman said. “This can be controlled to some extent, so we wanted to explore the two limits of hydrophobic vs. hydrophilic edge chemistries. If we had no functional groups (just bare carbon) then within a short time water molecules would dissociate at the pore edge and likely either hydrogenate or hydroxylate those carbons.” The scientists, David Cohen-Tanugi and Jeffrey C. Grossman of MIT, have published their study on water desalination using single-layer nanoporous graphene in a recent issue of Nano Letters.“This work shows that some of the drawbacks of current desalination techniques could be avoided by inventing more efficient and targeted membrane materials,” Grossman told Phys.org. “In particular, tailored nanostructuring of membranes could allow for actual flow of water (with full salt rejection) via size exclusion, leading to much higher permeability compared to reverse osmosis.”This is not the first time that researchers have investigated the use of nanoporous materials for desalination. In contrast to RO, which uses high pressure to slowly push water molecules (but not salt ions) through a porous membrane, nanoporous materials work under lower pressures and provide well-defined channels that can filter salt water at a faster rate than RO membranes. Explore further (Top left) Hydrogenated and (top right) hydroxylated graphene pores. (Bottom) Side view of the simulated nanoporous graphene filtering salt ions and producing potable water. Image credit: Cohen-Tanugi and Grossman. ©2012 American Chemical Society From seawater to freshwater with a nanotechnology filter The scientists compared the two chemistries, along with different pore sizes, of nanoporous graphene in their simulations by running saltwater with a salinity of 72 g/L over the membranes, which is about twice the salinity of average seawater (about 35 g/L). They found that, although the largest nanopores could filter water at the highest rate, large nanopores allowed some salt ions to pass through. The simulations identified an intermediate range of nanopore diameters where the nanopores were large enough to allow the passage of water molecules but small enough to restrict salt ions. The simulations also showed that the hydroxylated graphene significantly enhances the water permeability, which the scientists attribute to the hydrophilic nature of the hydroxyl groups. Since, in contrast, the hydrogenated pores are hydrophobic, water molecules can flow through only when in a limited number of highly ordered configurations. But hydrophilic groups allow water molecules to have a greater number of hydrogen-bonding configurations inside the pores, and this lack of restrictions increases the water flux.Overall, the results show that nanoporous graphene can theoretically outperform RO membranes in terms of water permeability, which is expressed in liters of output per square centimeter of membrane per day and per unit of applied pressure. Whereas high-flux RO has a water permeability of a few tenths, the simulations showed that nanoporous graphene’s water permeability ranged from 39 to 66 for pore configurations that exhibited full salt rejection (23.1 Å2 hydrogenated pores and 16.3 Å2 hydroxylated pores). Graphene with the largest hydroxylated pores reached 129, but allowed some passage of salt ions. Copyright 2012 Phys.org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. The scientists explain that there are two main challenges facing the use of nanoporous graphene for desalination purposes. One is achieving a narrow pore size distribution, although rapid experimental progress in synthesizing highly ordered porous graphene suggests that this may soon be feasible. The other challenge is mechanical stability under applied pressure, which could be achieved using a thin-film support layer such as that used in RO materials. “Computationally, we’re looking at a range of other potentially new ways to engineer membranes for desalination and decontamination,” Grossman said. “Experimentally, we are currently fabricating nanoporous membranes and hope to test their desalination performance in the coming months.”center_img More information: David Cohen-Tanugi and Jeffrey C. Grossman. “Water Desalination across Nanoporous Graphene.” Nano Letters. DOI: 10.1021/nl3012853 (Phys.org) — Although oceans and seas contain about 97% of Earth’s water, currently only a fraction of a percent of the world’s potable water supply comes from desalinated salt water. In order to increase our use of salt water, desalination techniques must become more energy-efficient and less expensive to be sustainable. In a new study, two materials scientists from MIT have shown in simulations that nanoporous graphene can filter salt from water at a rate that is 2-3 orders of magnitude faster than today’s best commercial desalination technology, reverse osmosis (RO). The researchers predict that graphene’s superior water permeability could lead to desalination techniques that require less energy and use smaller modules than RO technology, at a cost that will depend on future improvements in graphene fabrication methods. Water permeability of various desalination techniques. The graphene nanopores can reject salt ions with a water permeability 2-3 orders of magnitude higher than commercial reverse osmosis (RO) techniques. Image credit: Cohen-Tanugi and Grossman. ©2012 American Chemical Society However, this is the first time that scientists have explored the potential role of nanoporous graphene as a filter for water desalination. Single-layer graphene, which is just one carbon atom thick, is the ultimate thin membrane, making it advantageous for water desalination since water flux across a membrane scales inversely with the membrane’s thickness. Using classical molecular dynamics simulations, Cohen-Tanugi and Grossman examined the water permeability of nanoporous graphene with different pore diameters (1.5 to 62 Å2) and pore chemistry. As previous experiments have demonstrated, nanopores can be introduced in graphene by a variety of methods, including helium ion beam drilling and chemical etching. In their simulations, the scientists strengthened the nanopores by passivating, or shielding, each carbon atom at the pore edge with either hydrogen atoms or hydroxyl groups. Citation: Nanoporous graphene could outperform best commercial water desalination techniques (2012, June 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-06-nanoporous-graphene-outperform-commercial-desalination.html When water molecules (red and white) and sodium and chlorine ions (green and purple) in saltwater, on the right, encounter a sheet of graphene (pale blue, center) perforated by holes of the right size, the water passes through (left side), but the sodium and chlorine of the salt are blocked. Graphic: David Cohen-Tanugi This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

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Long daytime nap may increase diabetes risk

first_imgDo you pine for a long nap during the day? Be careful, as it could be a warning sign for Type-2 diabetes, suggests a recent research. In the study led by Yamada Tomahide from the University of Tokyo, the team conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies involving more than 300,000 people.They found that long daytime naps of more than 60 minutes may lead to a 45 per cent increased risk of Type-2 diabetes, compared with no daytime napping.  However, it was also possible that people who were less healthy or in the early stages of diabetes were more likely to nap for longer during the day.  Also Read – Add new books to your shelfPeople with long-term illnesses and undiagnosed diabetes often felt tired during the day, the researchers said. “It’s likely that risk factors which lead to diabetes also cause napping. This could include slightly high sugar levels, meaning napping may be an early warning sign of diabetes,” said Naveed Sattar, Professor at the University of Glasgow.There was now a lot of evidence of some kind of link between sleep disturbances and diabetes, Sattar observed. Long naps could also be a result of disturbed sleep at night, potentially caused by sleep apnea.  Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAnd this sleeping disorder could increase the risk of heart attacks, stroke, cardiovascular problems and other metabolic disorders, including Type-2 diabetes.Sleep deprivation, caused by work or social life patterns, could also lead to increased appetite, which could increase the risk of Type-2 diabetes.In contrast, shorter naps (less than 40 minutes), were more likely to increase alertness and motor skills, the researchers noted.  The findings were presented at 2016 European Association for the Study of Diabetes Meeting in Munich, Germany, recently.last_img read more

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Why Google Killed a Secret Project Called Google Here

first_imgAugust 31, 2015 Google  was set to launch a new product that added context to one of its most successful apps, Google Maps. But earlier this year, it was shut down by Alphabet CEO Larry Page, according to people familiar with the project.The product was called Google Here, according to a document obtained by Fortune that describes the project’s specifications. The effort spanned multiple departments and was led by Dan Cath, a strategic partner manager, and the Google Maps team. The launch included partnerships with retailers, including Starbucks. Had it launched, Google Here would have been available to more than 350 million Android users by early 2015, with plans to support iOS later in the year.But people familiar with the project say it was shut down for two reasons: Google Here was potentially too invasive, and the company wasn’t sure if many retailers would want it. (Not helping matters, Nokia has used the name “Here” for its own mapping service.) A Google spokesman declined to comment.Google Here worked by sending a notification to a smartphone user’s lock screen within five seconds of their entering a partner’s location. If the user clicked on the notification, a full screen HTLM5 “app” experience would launch. Google Here would know when to send the notification via Google Maps and beacons placed in the stores of participating partners. Google planned to supply the beacons to partners for the launch, according to the document. The experience could also be found by going to the Google Maps app.Some examples of how Google Here might have worked: If you walked into a Walgreens, your loyalty card could automatically appear on the lock screen of your phone. If you walked onto a train platform, a notification could tell you when your train is due to arrive. If you parked your car, you could tap to pay the specific parking meter. If you walked into Starbucks, your phone might buzz to offer a discount if you download the Starbucks app.The idea was to allow businesses to communicate with people based on their location, even if those people had not downloaded a specific app for that location. Some developers have called this “app-less distribution.”Developers want app-less distribution because it’s becoming increasingly difficult to reach people on their mobile phones. Smartphone users spend 90% of their mobile time using apps, but they’re not downloading new apps. (Most people download zero apps in a typical month.) Using Google Maps—the sixth most popular app in the U.S.—to facilitate those communications would be one way to reach people. Google could make money in the process.Google already monetizes its Maps app with sponsored results that show up in searches. But the ability to push notifications to users, rather than wait for them to search for something, would make Google Maps more valuable to advertisers.The problem is, despite prolonged hype around beacons and in-store advertising, only the largest, most tech-savvy retailers have poured resources into making mobile advertising, mobile commerce, and beacons work. It’s unclear how many of them would invest in building an “app-less experience” inside Google Maps today. Further, Google may be wary of introducing something as annoying and invasive as push notifications into Maps.Even though Google Here did not ship, Google has not given up on location-based advertising. The company recently launched Eddystone, a developer project for Bluetooth low energy beacons that competes with Apple’s iBeacon. The company will find a way into location-based advertising because it’s the best way to “close the loop” between online ads and offline purchases.  Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global 4 min read Register Now » This story originally appeared on Fortune Magazinelast_img read more

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first_img News | PACS | July 02, 2019 Laurel Bridge and 3M M*Modal Partner to Improve DICOM Structured Reporting July 2, 2019 — Laurel Bridge Software announced an expanded relationship with 3M M*Modal, a provider of clinical docu read more News | Enterprise Imaging | June 27, 2019 Ambra Health Announces Integration With Box Ambra Health announced an integration with Box to enable the sharing of medical imaging directly from within Box’s… read more Technology | June 02, 2009 Intelerad Shows New IntelelPACS Features Feature | Information Technology | June 27, 2019 | By Greg Freiherr Smart Algorithm Extracts Data from Radiology Reports Radiology reports may contain information essential to figuring out a patient’s condition. read more News | PACS | August 08, 2019 NetDirector Launches Cloud-based PDF to DICOM Conversion Service NetDirector, a cloud-based data exchange and integration platform, has diversified their radiology automation options… read more News | Enterprise Imaging | July 29, 2019 Philips Announces 10-year Enterprise Informatics Agreement With Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Nancy Philips and Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire (CHRU) de Nancy, a leading academic hospital in the Grand Est… read more June 2, 2009 – Intelerad Medical Systems will preview several new IntelePACS enhancements, such as critical results management, peer review and Image Quality Review tools, during the exhibits portion of the 2009 Annual Meeting of the Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine (SIIM).The new IntelePACS features that will be demonstrated at SIIM are:Critical Results Management facilitates timely communication of critical findings between radiologists and referring physicians. Radiologists can bypass the standard dictation or transcription processes and communicate directly with the referring physician. An audit trail is provided for all communications and the delivery of results.Peer Review allows a radiologist to review an interpretation made by a peer. Peer Review is easy to use because it is embedded in the IntelePACS workflow. All information can be stored in a database and used to generate reports for performance evaluations and other analysis. Image Quality Review (IQR) allows a radiologist to review the quality of images produced by a radiology technician. Similar to Peer Review, IQR is truly integrated within the IntelePACS workflow. All reviews are stored in a database from which reports may easily be created. IQR provides an effective way to analyze technicians’ performance and areas for improvement.Communications module provides radiologists with an effective means of communicating with colleagues, particularly for radiologists working at different sites, without disrupting their workflow. Messages can be sent between radiologists in the same manner as an instant messenger.For more information: www.intelerad.com FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享 News | PACS | August 09, 2019 Lake Medical Imaging Selects Infinitt for Multi-site RIS/PACS Infinitt North America will be implementing Infinitt RIS (radiology information system)/PACS (picture archiving and… read more Technology | Enterprise Imaging | July 05, 2019 Hyland Healthcare Adds ImageNext Imaging Workflow Optimizer to Enterprise Imaging Suite Hyland Healthcare is launching ImageNext, a vendor-neutral imaging workflow optimizer that combines intelligent imaging… read more Related Content News | Cardiovascular Ultrasound | July 02, 2019 Konica Minolta Healthcare Partners With DiA Imaging Analysis for AI-based Cardiac Ultrasound Analysis DiA Imaging Analysis has partnered with Konica Minolta Healthcare Americas Inc. to expand analysis capabilities of… read more Technology | Cybersecurity | August 07, 2019 ScImage Introduces PICOM ModalityGuard for Cybersecurity ScImage Inc. is bridging the gap between security and functionality with the introduction of the PICOM ModalityGuard…. read more News | PACS | June 26, 2019 Mini-PACS Solution for Image Management and Workflow Optimization ImageGrid Mini is a feature-rich, reliable and cost-effective image management and workflow optimization solution, pr read morelast_img read more

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How to set up an Ethereum development environment Tutorial

first_imgThere are various ways to develop Ethereum blockchain. We will look at the mainstream options in this article which are: Test networks How to setup Ethereum private net This tutorial is extracted from the book Mastering Blockchain – Second Edition written by Imran Bashir. There are multiple ways to develop smart contracts on Ethereum. The usual and sensible approach is to develop and test Ethereum smart contracts either on a local private net or a simulated environment, and then it can be deployed on a public testnet. After all the relevant tests are successful on public testnet, the contracts can then be deployed to the public mainnet. There are however variations in this process, and many developers opt to only develop and test contracts on locally simulated environments. Then deploy on public mainnet or their private production blockchain networks. Developing on a simulated environment and then deploying directly to a public network can lead to faster time to production. As setting up private networks may take longer compared to setting a local development environment with a blockchain simulator. Let’s start with connecting to a test network. Ethereum connection on test networks The Ethereum Go client (https://geth.ethereum.org) Geth, can be connected to the test network using the following command: $ geth –testnet A sample output is shown in the following screenshot. The screenshot shows the type of the network chosen and various other pieces of information regarding the blockchain download: The output of the geth command connecting to Ethereum test net A blockchain explorer for testnet is located at https://ropsten.etherscan.io can be used to trace transactions and blocks on the Ethereum test network. There are other test networks available too, such as Frontier, Morden, Ropsten, and Rinkeby. Geth can be issued with a command-line flag to connect to the desired network: –testnet: Ropsten network: pre-configured proof-of-work test network–rinkeby: Rinkeby network: pre-configured proof-of-authority test network–networkid value: Network identifier (integer, 1=Frontier, 2=Morden (disused), 3=Ropsten, 4=Rinkeby) (default: 1) Now let us do some experiments with building a private network and then we will see how a contract can be deployed on this network using the Mist and command-line tools. Setting up a private net Private net allows the creation of an entirely new blockchain. This is different from testnet or mainnet in the sense that it uses its on-genesis block and network ID. In order to create private net, three components are needed: Network ID The Genesis File Data directory to store blockchain data. Even though the data directory is not strictly required to be mentioned, if there is more than one blockchain already active on the system, then the data directory should be specified so that a separate directory is used for the new blockchain. On the mainnet, the Geth Ethereum client is capable of discovering boot nodes by default as they are hardcoded in the Geth client, and connects automatically. But on a private net, Geth needs to be configured by specifying appropriate flags and configuration in order for it to be discoverable by other peers or to be able to discover other peers. We will see how this is achieved shortly. In addition to the previously mentioned three components, it is desirable that you disable node discovery so that other nodes on the internet cannot discover your private network and it is secure. If other networks happen to have the same genesis file and network ID, they may connect to your private net. The chance of having the same network ID and genesis block is very low, but, nevertheless, disabling node discovery is good practice, and is recommended. In the following section, all these parameters are discussed in detail with a practical example. Network ID Network ID can be any positive number except 1 and 3, which are already in use by Ethereum mainnet and testnet (Ropsten), respectively. Network ID 786 has been chosen for the example private network discussed later in this section. The genesis file The genesis file contains the necessary fields required for a custom genesis block. This is the first block in the network and does not point to any previous block. The Ethereum protocol performs checking in order to ensure that no other node on the internet can participate in the consensus mechanism unless they have the same genesis block. Chain ID is usually used as an identification of the network. A custom genesis file that will be used later in the example is shown here: {“nonce”: “0x0000000000000042″,”timestamp”: “0x00”, “parentHash”:”0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000″,”extraData”: “0x00″,”gasLimit”: “0x8000000”, “difficulty”: “0x0400”, “mixhash”:”0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000″, “coinbase”: “0x3333333333333333333333333333333333333333″,”alloc”: { },”config”: {“chainId”: 786,”homesteadBlock”: 0,”eip155Block”: 0,”eip158Block”: 0}} This file is saved as a text file with the JSON extension; for example, privategenesis.json. Optionally, Ether can be pre-allocated by specifying the beneficiary’s addresses and the amount of Wei, but it is usually not necessary as being on the private network, Ether can be mined very quickly. In order to pre-allocate a section can be added to the genesis file, as shown here: “alloc”: {“0xcf61d213faa9acadbf0d110e1397caf20445c58f “: { “balance”: “100000” },} Now let’s see what each of these parameters mean. nonce: This is a 64-bit hash used to prove that PoW has been sufficiently completed. This works in combination with the mixhash parameter. timestamp: This is the Unix timestamp of the block. This is used to verify the sequence of the blocks and for difficulty adjustment. For example, if blocks are being generated too quickly that difficulty goes higher. parentHash: This is always zero being the genesis (first) block as there is no parent of the first block. extraData: This parameter allows a 32-bit arbitrary value to be saved with the block. gasLimit: This is the limit on the expenditure of gas per block. difficulty: This parameter is used to determine the mining target. It represents the difficulty level of the hash required to prove the PoW. mixhash: This is a 256-bit hash which works in combination with nonce to prove that sufficient amount of computational resources has been spent in order to complete the PoW requirements. coinbase: This is the 160-bit address where the mining reward is sent to as a result of successful mining. alloc: This parameter contains the list of pre-allocated wallets. The long hex digit is the account to which the balance is allocated. config: This section contains various configuration information defining chain ID, and blockchain hard fork block numbers. This parameter is not required to be used in private networks. Data directory This is the directory where the blockchain data for the private Ethereum network will be saved. For example, in the following example, it is ~/etherprivate/. In the Geth client, a nu mber of parameters are specified in order to launch, further fine-tune the configuration, and launch the private network. These flags are listed here. Flags and their meaning The following are the flags used with the Geth client: –nodiscover: This flag ensures that the node is not automatically discoverable if it happens to have the same genesis file and network ID. –maxpeers: This flag is used to specify the number of peers allowed to be connected to the private net. If it is set to 0, then no one will be able to connect, which might be desirable in a few scenarios, such as private testing. –rpc: This is used to enable the RPC interface in Geth. –rpcapi: This flag takes a list of APIs to be allowed as a parameter. For example, eth, web3 will enable the Eth and Web3 interface over RPC. –rpcport: This sets up the TCP RPC port; for example: 9999. –rpccorsdomain: This flag specifies the URL that is allowed to connect to the private Geth node and perform RPC operations. cors in –rpccorsdomain means cross-origin resource sharing. –port: This specifies the TCP port that will be used to listen to the incoming connections from other peers. –identity: This flag is a string that specifies the name of a private node. Static nodes If there is a need to connect to a specific set of peers, then these nodes can be added to a file where the chaindata and keystore files are saved. For example, in the ~/etherprivate/ directory. The filename should be static- nodes.json. This is valuable in a private network because this way the nodes can be discovered on a private network. An example of the JSON file is shown as follows: [“enode:// 44352ede5b9e792e437c1c0431c1578ce3676a87e1f588434aff1299d30325c233c8d426fc5 7a25380481c8a36fb3be2787375e932fb4885885f6452f6efa77f@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:TCP_P ORT”] Here, xxx is the public IP address and TCP_PORT can be any valid and available TCP port on the system. The long hex string is the node ID. To summarize, we explored Ethereum test networks and how-to setup private Ethereum networks. Learn about cryptography and cryptocurrencies from this book Mastering Blockchain – Second Edition, to build highly secure, decentralized applications and conduct trusted in-app transactions. Read Next: Everything you need to know about Ethereum Will Ethereum eclipse Bitcoin? The trouble with Smart Contractslast_img read more

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ACVs Europe Your Way EBB runs through June 30

first_img Posted by Share ACV’s Europe Your Way EBB runs through June 30 MONTREAL — Air Canada Vacations clients booking any pre-bundled air-inclusive package to Europe by June 30 can save $300 per couple or $150 per adult.Travel must be completed by Dec. 31.Booking even earlier, by May 31, also earns clients earn 2,500 bonus Aeroplan Miles, plus until May 31 Air Canada Vacations is offering its CareFree Plan free, a value of $59, including seat selection, year-round Price Drop guarantee and a $50 waiver on administration change fees.Air Canada Vacations’ Europe lineup includes guided tours, fly & drive vacations, island hopping, French Riviera Escape; Amalfi Coast Escape, Seaside Escape, Family Gateway, Journey at Sea and guided rail tours as well as Contiki guided tours and Trafalgar guided vacations.Sample pricing includes package vacations to the iconic Greek islands from Toronto starting at $2,099 per person or Rome packages from Toronto starting at $1,999 per person.This summer Air Canada and Air Canada Rouge offer an extended list of direct flights to Europe from Vancouver, Calgary, Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax and Saint John’s Newfoundland, including daily year-round flights.More news:  Direct Travel names Smith as Senior VP, Leisure Marketing, North AmericaWith the ACV&ME loyalty program, agents who book hotels, cruises and groups to sun destinations will receive 600 points per room for packages of 7+ nights; 400 points per room for packages of 3–6 nights; 600 points per stateroom for flight and cruise packages; and 300 points per passenger for group bookings. ACV&ME loyalty points can be redeemed for Aeroplan Miles, travel vouchers or VISA cash cards. << Previous PostNext Post >>center_img Tags: Air Canada Vacations Monday, May 14, 2018 Travelweek Group last_img read more

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Signing up for public health care in Costa Rica

first_imgNo related posts. From the print editionThe Caja is short for the Costa Rican Social Security System, a government-run health care and pension provider for all Costa Rican residents. The Caja operates health clinics throughout the country that provide primary health care for residents, as well public hospitals that provide advanced medical services. All foreign residents who have applied for or have obtained residency status are required to affiliate with this government agency. So how do residents register with the public health care system? Under Caja regulations, a person registering under the status of pensionado (retiree) or rentista (a person not yet of retirement age who has a substantial enough income or savings on which to live) is required to show a cédula, an ID that shows a visa has been granted, or an approval notice from the Immigration Administration. Foreign nationals who have only filed for temporary residency are technically not allowed to enroll in the Caja.What are the levels of enrollment? There are four levels of enrollment, of which only three are applicable to most expats residing in Costa Rica.1. Salaried and professional workers: This level includes people employed by businesses and whose employers deduct monthly Caja payments from salaries.2. Independent workers: These are usually freelance or self-employed workers who do not have an organization employing them, such as independent contract employees or street vendors.3. Voluntary: This category is designed for retirees, students, homemakers and the unemployed. It provides only the medical portion of the plan on the assumption that the enrollee is either not currently employed (but may work and contribute to the pension plan in the future) or is elderly and will not work the requisite number of years to be eligible for the pension part of the program. How much does it cost?The cost of the first two categories of enrollment ranges from $30-$150 per month, with the final amount being determined using a base figure of 13 percent of stated income minus allowable deductions. The monthly payment covers not only the medical part of the system, but also includes a contribution to the retirement pension portion of the Caja.The Voluntary program is probably the best-suited for most expats; its monthly rates are individually calculated based on a variety of factors including age, employment, income, number of dependents and other criteria. The cost of this category generally is a relatively small, fixed amount. Enrolling under this plan provides only Caja medical services. It does, however, entitle members to use any of the Caja facilities anywhere in the country. Retirees who have no Costa Rica-based income and are members of the Association of Residents of Costa Rica (ARCR, www.arcr.net) can join the Voluntary classification through the ARCR, and the association has negotiated a fixed monthly rate – currently $49 per month. This amount includes health coverage for a spouse and all legal family members under 18. Regardless of which plan you enroll in, you must make the appropriate monthly payment before the 8th of each month to be issued a payment receipt for the current month. The receipt is a two-inch-wide strip of paper that is the equivalent of an ID. If you like standing in line, you will be given a new carné, or ID, when you make your monthly payment at the local Caja office. If you prefer to avoid lines, the payment can be made online, and a carné can be printed out from the website. ARCR members who have arranged for their payments to be made automatically via credit card can receive their carnés either in person at the Casa Canada offices or have them automatically mailed to local addresses via the Costa Rican postal service. Whichever payment method you choose, timely payment is important, because without a carné for the current month, no regular, nonemergency, services will be provided at the clinics. Where do I enroll?Joining the Caja is not a difficult process and can be accomplished at many locations. One is at the main Caja offices on Ave. 2 in San José, (on the south side of the avenue, across from the Plaza de la Cultura). Enrollees also can visit one of the outlying Caja offices in communities around the country. If you are not fluent in Spanish, it is a good idea to bring someone who can answer questions and help you learn the Caja system. Otherwise, the language barrier may become a source of frustration. What should I bring?As with all things bureaucratic, changes may occur or different offices may have different procedures. Be prepared for variations. Bring with you:1. The original and a copy of your electric bill. (Another utility bill showing your residence address may suffice.)2. If your residency application has been accepted and is in process, bring the originals and copies of your passport and a letter stating that your residency application is en trámite (being processed). If you already have residency and a cédula (DIMEX card), bring it and a photocopy of it showing both sides of the card. What happens next?Be prepared to answer personal questions. You will be interviewed and asked to provide information on such things as your age, employment status, income (amount and source), birth date, address, marital status and cost of living. This information will be entered into a computer and printed out for you to sign as a sworn statement. Based on the above, you will be assigned a monthly payment amount. The first month’s payment is required up front. You will receive a copy of the document and a receipt for the payment. After completing the enrollment process, you will then need to visit your local clinic with all the Caja paperwork. You also can familiarize yourself with the clinic layout and schedule an initial appointment. You will be assigned a doctor at that time.During your first appointment with the doctor, it is a good idea to provide copies of any medical records and recent lab reports you have, plus a list of all medications you take (including dosage.) The doctor will appreciate it and include the information in your file. One of the nice things about the Caja system is that they do not discriminate against “pre-existing conditions” like many commercial insurers do, so there is no reason to hide anything. What else should I know?When the time comes that you need to utilize the Caja’s services, start at your local clinic. If you want an appointment for the same day, plan to arrive at the clinic early (around 5 a.m.) and be prepared to stand in line. Later arrivals may find the day’s appointments already filled.When you see the doctor, be specific and detailed about your complaints – like doctors everywhere, they can do a much better job if they have more information than “I don’t feel well.” If you can describe the problem with details about location, symptoms, etc., you will get better care. The Costa Rican health care system is predicated on the concept of preventive medicine. Therefore, enrollees are advised to have an annual lab test, blood pressure and weight checks, and updated information included in medical files at each new appointment.There are many horror stories floating about regarding the services rendered and drugs provided by the Caja system. However, there are many more patients who report excellent care and treatment. Like any health care system anywhere, services can vary between local facilities.Stay healthy! Facebook Commentslast_img read more

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